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Pakistan is characterized by diverse topography, ecosystems, and climate zones. Rich in natural resources, including fertile agricultural lands, natural gas reserves and mineral deposits, Pakistan faces challenges in balancing competing objectives between economic development and environmental protection. A semi-industrialized country, Pakistan has grown from a primarily agricultural-based to a mostly service-based economy (with services constituting 56.3% of GDP in 2017). As of 2017, agriculture was still the largest employer, occupying 42.3% of the workforce.

Project Activities

  • DSS training for policymakers and operational users from planning, finance, agriculture/livestock, water, transport and disaster risk management
  • Use the existing Climate Change Public Expenditure Review (PER) – policy, institutional and public expenditure review – to identify gaps and sequence an action plan for climate and disaster risk-informed investment, appraisal, and approval framework
  • Use the World Bank's Climate Change Fiscal Risk Analysis tool to the support design of climate-related fiscal-risk mitigation measures
  • Conduct district-level climate vulnerability assessments
  • Scale up the Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) strategic framework with a focus on agro-climatic zoning for Punjab Province
  • Agricultural policy analysis to support climate-resilient policy actions in Punjab Province
  • Formulate climate indicators to incorporate in the planning policy and documents
  • Develop national climate-change financing framework implementation plan
  • Support development of Sindh groundwater strategy for drought-affected areas
  • Develop a guide document on the application of CSA technologies and agro-climatic zoning
  • Provide training to increase understanding of climate-resilience adaptive policy-making, design and solutions in priority sectors (transport, water and agriculture)
  • Adoption of technology solutions; support for the creation of climate-smart institution, governance, and finance; establishing a mechanism to support national-level centers of excellence and universities for technical collaboration with line ministries; and diagnosis and adaptive design
  • Technical support to ministries of finance and planning for climate-informed macro-level analysis, modeling, and climate-informed fiscal risk management
  • Technical support to assist countries in gaining access to international climate finance, including support the accreditation process for national/sub-national entities to access the Green Climate Fund
  • Technical support and capacity building for implementation and monitoring and evaluation of adaptation activities in the Nationally Determined Contributions at the sub-national level and National Adaptation Plan at the sub-national level as per the Cancun Adaptation Framework
  • Capacity building of SID for drought risk management
  • Capacity building for Punjab provincial government officials on agro-climatic zoning
  • Training of trainers program for local agriculture extension officers to disseminate locally available CSA technologies for farmers